The first circuit race began in 1894. Several nations started to make significant events such as the case of the first Grand Prix of Switzerland, the United Nations and Ulster (1922 – 1923). The FICM creates the FICM Grand Prix of Europe ( 1924 ). Each year, a country will be designated as the venue for this event. It is not until 1949 that the world motorcycling championship (FIM) is created.
Motorcycling as a sport, logically originates, after having invented the motorcycle, which appeared in Germany in 1885, the year in which Gottlieb Daimler installed a combustion engine to a wooden bicycle.
In 1896 the first motorcycle race was held, in France, when eight competitors traveled the Paris – Nantes distance back and forth, traveling 152 kilometers. The winner, M. Chevalier, was riding a Michelin-Dior tricycle.
Motorcycles have a series of characteristics such as stability, high speed (both straight and cornering), high acceleration, great braking, easy maneuverability and low weight.
Each type of race requires a type of machine, with different structure, weight, wheels, displacement and aspects of great technical specificity that can be found in the clubs of each specialty or in the stores where these and other sports equipment are sold.
Types of Races
It is done in circuits specially built for it. Motorcyclists run at the maximum speed allowed by their motorcycles with an average motor of 1200 cubic centimeters. The competitor who manages to circumvent all the laps at maximum speed wins, arriving first.
The emphasis placed on this discipline is the skill and grace in the driver’s handling with his motorcycle. Speed is rather a factor not taken into account.
The tests are carried out in sections and in stages: partially on flat, unpaved and extremely irregular terrain with very cumbersome obstacles. The competitors start at intervals and the one who incurs the least amount of fouls is the winner.
The sanctions are applied when the participant touches the ground with some part of his body, disassembles the machine, does not move forward and / or receives external help, exceeds the demarcated limits of the competitive route, which is usually oval.
It is done in closed circuits with land prepared to overcome a large number of obstacles such as hills or shallow wells and streams. Unlike the “Trial” the emphasis is not on not touching “foot on the ground”, but rather on overcoming the complicated obstacles first reaching the goal.
Here, speed, although less than in other variations, is also taken into account.
As for the rules of conduct, participants are prohibited from taking dangerous or unfair actions such as: getting in the way of other participants, deliberately preventing a runner from moving forward, etc. The game is marked with an access gate and is made with the engines running. The arrival of the winner is announced by waving a checkered flag.
It is done on cross-country routes, with unprepared natural obstacles. The emphasis is on the novelty of the terrain and the expectation of natural obstacles to overcome, since the lands are chosen by the authorities of the clubs and the runners know them in their real magnitude in full competition.
Here it matters who comes first, but not speed; their motorcycles do not exceed 500 to 1000 cubic centimeters. Important is to demarcate the boundaries of the land with monoliths or colorful elements so that competitors do not get lost in this sketch of “safari”.